Program: Governance & Livelihood
Governance and livelihoods are interrelated because peace, security and the opportunity to participate in decision-making are important issues and part of people’s livelihood. The majority of Solomon Islanders derive their livelihoods from their own land, sea and labour resources. For centuries, this has provided them with food, water, shelter, medicine, recreation and other benefits. People’s livelihoods are underpinned by the tribal ownership of land, which enables all members of a customary landholding group to access resources for subsistence and income-earning purposes.
More than 90 per cent of Solomon Islands land is tribally owned (owned by a whole tribe) through ‘customary land tenure’. Most landowning groups or tribal members live in rural villages, which comprised 86 per cent (352,600) of the total population of 410,000 in 2000 (Solomon Islands Government 2000). The population of Solomon Islands is now considerably higher.